Young Children

  1. Electromagnetic Fields, Pulsed Radiofrequency Radiation, and Epigenetics: How Wireless Technologies May Affect Childhood Development.
    Sage, C. & Burgio, E. Child Development (2017).


  2. Prospective Cohort Analysis of Cellphone Use and Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties in Children.
    Sudan, M, et al. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health (2016).

  3. Why Children Absorb More Microwave Radiation than Adults: The Consequences.
    Morgan, Kesari, et al. Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure 2(4):196-204 (2014).


  4. Epidemiological Characteristics of Mobile Phone Ownership and Use in Korean Children and Adolescents. 
    Byun, Yoon-Hwan, et al. Environmental Health and Toxicology 28 (2013).


  5. A Prospective Study of In-Utero Exposure to Magnetic Fields and the Risk of Childhood Obesity. 
    Li, De-Kun, et al. Scientific Reports 2.540 (2012).


  6. Exposure to Extremely Low-Frequency Magnetic Fields and the Risk of Childhood Cancer: Update of the Epidemiological evidence.
    Schüz and Joachim. Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 107(3):339-42 (2011).


  7. Cell Phone Use and Behavioural Problems in Young Children.
    Divan, Kheifets, et al. Journal of Epidemiol Community Health 66(6):524-9 (2010).


  8. Mobile Phones, Radiofrequency Fields, and Health Effects in Children-Epidemiological Studies.
    Feychting, Maria. Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 107(3):343-348 (2010).


  9. Exposure to Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields and Behavioral Problems in Bavarian Children and Adolescents.
    Thomas, Silke, et al. European Journal of Epidemiology 25(2):135-41 (2009).


  10. The Sensitivity of Children to Electromagnetic Fields.
    Repacholi, et al. Deventer. Journal of Pediatrics 116(2):303-313 (2005).


  11. Amended Declaration of Dr. David O. Carpenter, M.D.

Male Fertility

  1. Long-Term Exposure to 4G Smartphone Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Radiation Diminished Male Reproductive Portential by Directly Disrupting Spck3-MMP2-BTB Axis in the Testes of Adult Rats. 
    Yu, G., et al. Science of The Total Environment 698 (2020).


  2. Radiations and Male Fertility.
    Kesari, K., Agarwal, A. and Henkel, R. Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology 16(118) (2018).


  3. The Effect of 2.45 GHz Non-Ionizing Radiation on the Structure and Ultrastructure of The Testis in Juvenile Rats. 
    Histology and Histopathology(2018).


  4. Modulatory Effect of 900 MHz Radiation on Biochemical and Reproductive Parameters in Rats. 
    Narayana, SN., et al. Bratislava Medical Journal119(9):581-587 (2018).


  5. Aloe Arborescens Juice Prevents EMF-Induced Oxidative Stress and Thus Protects from Pathophysiology in the Male Reproductive System In Vitro. 
    Solek, P., Majchrowics, L., and Koziorowski, M. Environmental Research 166:141-149 (2018).


  6. Radiofrequency Radiation (900 MHz)-Induced DNA Damage and Cell Cycle Arrest in Testicular Germ Cells in Swiss Albino Mice. 
    Pandey, N., et al. Toxicology and Industrial Health 33(4) 373-384 (2017).


  7. The Effects of Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Radiation on Sperm Function. 
    Houston, Nixon, et al. Reproduction (2016)


  8. Male Fertility and its Association with Occupational and Mobile Phone Tower Hazards: An Analytical Study. 
    Al-Quzwini, Al-Taee, et al. Middle East Fertility Society Journal (2016).


  9. Sperm DNA Damage – The Effect of Stress and Everyday Life Factors. 
    Radwan, M, et al. International Journal of Impotence Research 28, 148-154 (2016).


  10. Electromagnetic Radiation at 900 MHz Induces Sperm Apoptosis through bcl-2, bax and caspase-3 Signaling Pathways in Rats. 
    Liu, Si, et al. Journal of Reproductive Health 12:65 (2015).


  11. Habits of Cell Phone usage and Sperm Quality – Does It Warrant Attention? 
    Zilverlight, Wiener-Megnazi, et al. Reproductive BioMedicine Online 31(3):421-426 (2015).


  12. Extremely Low frequency Magnetic Fields Induce Spermatogenic Germ Cell Apoptosis: Possible Mechanism. 
    Lee, Park, et al. BioMed Research International (2014).


  13. In Vitro Effect of Cell Phone Radiation on Motility, DNA Fragmentation and Clusterin Gene Expression in Human Sperm. 
    Zalata, El-Samanoudy, et al. International Journal of Fertility and Sterility 9(1):129-136 (2014).


  14. Effect of Electromagnetic Field Exposure on the Reproductive System. 
    Gye and Park. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine 39(1):1-19 (2012).


  15. Effects of the Exposure of Mobile Phones on Male Reproduction: A Review of the Literature. 
    Vignera, Condorelli, et al. Journal of Andrology 33(3):350-356 (2012).


  16. Use of Laptop Computers Connected to Internet Through Wi-Fi Decreases Human Sperm Motility and Increases Sperm DNA Fragmentation. 
    Avendano, C., et al. Fertility and Sterility 97(1):39045 (2012).


  17. Exposure to Magnetic fields and the Risk of Poor Sperm Quality. 
    Li, Yan, et al. Journal of Reproductive Toxicology 29(1):86-92 (2010).


  18. Mobile Phone Radiation Induces Reactive Oxygen Species Production and DNA Damage in Human Spermatozoa In Vitro. 
    Luliis, Newey, et al. PLoS ONE 4(7) (2009).


  19. Radio Frequency Electromagnetic Radiation (Rf-EMR) from GSM Mobile Phones Induces Oxidative Stress and Reduces Sperm Motility in Rats. 
    Mailankot, Kunnath, et al. Clinical Science 64(6):561-5 (2009).


  20. Cell Phones: Modern Man’s Nemesis? 
    Makker, Varghese, et al. Reproductive BioMedicine Online 18(1):148-157 (2008).


  21. Indicative SAR Levels Due to an Active Mobile Phone in a Front Trouser Pocket in Proximity to Common Metallic Objects. 
    Whittow, Panagamuwa, et al. Propagation Conference 149-152 (2008).


  22. Cell Phones and Male Infertility: Dissecting the Relationship. 
    Deepinder, Makker, et al. Reproductive BioMedicine Online 15(3):266-270 (2007).


  23. Evaluation of the Effect of Using Mobile Phones on Male Fertility.
    Wdowiak, Wiktor, et al. Annals of Agricultural and Medicine14(1):169-172 (2007).


  24. Effect of Cell Phone Usage on Semen Analysis in Men Attending Infertility Clinic: An Observational Study.
    Agarwal, Deepinder, et al. American Society for Reproductive Medicine 89(1):124-8 (2008).


Electromagnetic Sensitivity

  1. Becoming Electro-Hypersensitive: A Replication Study.
    Dieudonne, M. Bioelectromagnetic 40: 188-200 (2019).


  2. Functional Brain MRI in Patients Complaining of Electrohypersensitivity After Long Term Exposure to Electromagnectic Fields.
    Heuser, G. & Heuser, S. Reviews on Environmental Health 32(3):291-299 (2016).


  3. Hot Nano Spots” as an Interpretation of So-Called Non-Thermal Biological Mobile Phone Effects.
    Pfutzner, Helmut. Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications 8(3):62-69 (2016).


  4. Analysis of the Genotoxic Effects of Mobile Phone Radiation Using Buccal Micronucleus Assay: A Comparative Evaluation. 
    Banerjee, Singh, et al. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research 10 (3):ZC82-ZC85 (2016).


  5. Tinnitus and Cell Phones: The Role of Electromagnetic Radiofrequency Radiation.
    Medeiros and Sanchez. Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology 82(1):97-104 (2016).


  6. Microwave Frequency Electromagnetic Fields (EMFs) Produce Widespread Neuropsychiatric Effects Including Depression.
    Pall, Martin L. Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy (2015).


  7. Subjective Symptoms Related to GSM Radiation from Mobile Phone Base Stations: a Cross- Sectional Study.
    Gomez-Perretta, Navarro, et al. BMJ Open 3.12 (2013).


  8. Green Communication- A Stipulation to Reduce Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity from Cellular Phones.
    Kumar, Khan, et al. Procedia Technology 4:682-686 (2012).


  9. Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity: Fact or Fiction? Genius and Lipp.
    Science of the Total Environment 414(1):103-112 (2012).


  10. Radiofrequency (RF) Sickness in the Lilienfeld Study: An Effect of Modulated Microwaves?
    Liakouris, A. Archives of Environmental Health 236-238 (2010).


  11. Neurobehavioral Effects Among Inhabitants Around Mobile Phone Base Stations.
    Abdel-Rassoul, El-Fateh, et al. NeuroToxicology28(2):434-440 (2007).


  12. Electrohypersensitivity: Sate-Of-The-Art of A Functional Impairment.
    Johansson, O. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine 25(4): 245-258 (2006).


  13. Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity: Biological Effects of Dirty Electricity With Emphasis on Diabetes and Multiple Sclerosis.
    Havas, M. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine 25(4): 259-268 (2006).


  14. Establishing the Health Risks of Exposure to Radiofrequency Fields Requires Multidisciplinary Research.
    Hietanen, Maila. Scandinavian Journal of Work, the Environment, and Health 32(3):169-170 (2006).


  15. Hypersensitivity of Human Subjects to Environmental Electric and Magnetic Field Exposure: A Review of the Literature. 
    Levallois, Patrick. Environmental Health Perspectives 110(4):613-8 (2002).


  16. Electric Hypersensitivity and Neurophysical Effects of Cellular Phones – Facts or Needless Anxiety?
    Harma, Mikko Ilmari. Scandinavian Journal of Work, the Environment and Health 26(2):85-86 (2000). 

5G Effects

  1. Narrow-beam Millimeter-wave Radiofrequency Field Exposure. 
    Gajda, G., et al. Health Physics 117(3):254-266 (2019).


  2. Untargeted Metabolomics Unveil Alterations of Biomembranes Permeability in HumanHaCaT Keratinocytes Upon 60 HGz Millimeter-Wave Exposure. 
    Pogam, Pierre., et al. Scientific Reports 9(9343) (2019).


  3. Ocular Response to Millimeter Wave Exposure Under Different Levels of Humidity. 
    Kojima, M., et al. Journal of Infrared Milli Terahz Waves 40: 574–584 (2019).


  4. Millimeter Wave Radiation Activates Leech Nociceptors via TRPV1-Like Receptor Sensitization. 
    Romanenko, S., et al. Biophysical Journal 116(12): 2331-2345 (2019).


  5. Systematic Derivation of Safety Limits for Time-Varying 5G Radiofrequency Exposure Based on Analytical Models and Thermal Dose. 
    Neufeld, E., and Kuster, N. Health Physics Society (2018).


  6. Towards 5G Communication Systems: Are There Health Implications? 
    Ciaula, AD. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 367-375 (2018).


  7. 5G Wireless Telecommunications Expansion: Public Health and Environmental Implications. 
    Russell, C.L. Environmental Research 165:484-495 (2018).


  8. The Human Skin As A Sub-THz Receiver – Does 5G Pose a Danger To It or Not?
    Betzalel, N., Ishai, P.B., and Feldman, Y. Environmental Research163:208-216 (2018).


  9. The Modeling of the Absorbance of Sun-THz Radiation by Human Skin.
    Betzalel, N., Feldman, Y., and Ishai, P.B. IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology 7(5):521-528 (2017).


  10. Human Exposure to RF Fields in 5G Downlink.
    Nasim, I. and Kim, S. Georgia Southern University (2017).


  11. The Human body and Millimeter-Wave Wireless Communication Systems: Interactions and Implications.
    Wu, T., Rappaport, T., and Collins, C. IEEE International Conference on Communications (2015).


  12. State of Knowledge on Biological Effects at 40-60 GHz.
    Drean, Y., et al. Comptes Rendus Physique (2013).


  13. Effects of millimeter waves radiation on cell membrane-A brief review. 
    Ramundo-Orlando, Alfonsina. Journal of Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves 31(12): 1400-1411 (2010).


  14. Human Skin as Arrays of Helical Antennas in Millimeter and Submillimeter Wave Range.
    Feldman, Y., et al. The American Physical Society (2008).


  15. 5G and IoT: a Trojan horse.
    Paul Héroux, Ph.D., Professor of Electromagnetic Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University